An induction electric motor or asynchronous motor can be an AC electric electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor had a need to create torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding. … An induction motor’s rotor could be either wound type or squirrel-cage type.
Great things about AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are simple and rugged in construction. They are more robust and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in cost due to simple rotor construction, absence of brushes, commutators, and slide rings
They are free of maintenance motors unlike dc motors due to the lack of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors can be operated in polluted and explosive environments as they don’t have brushes which can cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Machines and therefore the rotor does not change at the specific same speed because the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator velocity is necessary to be able to create the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is named the slip. Slip must be kept in a optimal range to ensure that the motor to use effectively. Roboteq AC Induction controllers can be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open loop mode in which a control causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage alter.
Controlled Slip: a Closed Loop speed where voltage and frequency are managed to keep slip inside a narrow range while working at a preferred speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Speed and Torque control that works by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Discover this video from Learning Engineering for a ac motor visual illustration about how AC Induction Motors are constructed and function.