Hay Square Baler

Leading Manufacturer of Square Balers

HZPT Machinery Co., Ltd. was built in 1989 to produce agricultural machinery. It develops step by step. 2005 developing PTO wood chipper and diesel wood chipper. soon, the diesel wood chippers are well sold to the world. At the same time, other tractor attachments were developed, such as finish mowers, slashers, road sweepers, and snow blowers. 2009 through it was a hard time all over the world, but two important things made us boom up —OEM road construction machines. and, most importantly, developing the mini round baler. After one year of testing, in 2010, it was brought to market and quickly became a success. the first year, over 200 units are exported. 2012 over 500 units are exported. rotary rake,finger wheel rake and bale wrapper were made into the haying machines family. 2013 because of the demand of development, two workshops came into service. disc mower is sent to market, and the first order is over 100 units. We got a CE certificate for the Wood chipper WC-8, Diesel wood chipper DWC-22, DWC-40, disc mower, hay rake, round baler, and bale wrapper. 2014 sales volume over $5 million. amount of products: over 2300 units of mini round balers; over 500 units of disc mowers. Over 600 units of rotary and finger wheel rakes. Over 400 units of diesel wood chippers. at the end of 2014, we developed a larger round baler and tested it successfully. it was promoted in 2015. this makes us the No.1 manufacturer of haying machines and diesel wood chippers in China.

3 products lines: haying machines—disc mower, rotary hay rake, finger wheel rake, large round baler, mini round baler, bale wrapper; woodworking machines–PTO wood chipper, diesel wood chipper, log splitter; 3PT attachments for tractor—front end loader, backhoe, snow blower, and etc.

Types of Square Baler for Sale

A square baler is a type of agricultural machinery used to harvest and package hay or straw into compact, rectangular bales. It plays a crucial role in the process of hay production and is commonly used on farms and in agricultural operations.

The primary function of a square baler is to gather cut hay or straw from the field, compress it into a dense rectangular shape, and tie it securely with twine or wire. The resulting bales are easier to handle, store, and transport compared to loose hay or straw. Square bales are often stacked in barns or storage facilities, and they provide convenient feed for livestock during the winter months.

Square balers can be powered by a tractor's power take-off (PTO) or have their own dedicated engine. The power source drives the various components of the baler, such as the pickup, plunger, and knotter.

Square balers come in different sizes and configurations, ranging from small, manually operated models to large, tractor-mounted or self-propelled machines. The choice of baler depends on factors such as the scale of farming operations, the type of crops being harvested, and the desired bale size and production capacity.

Structural Components of Square Baler for Hay

A square baler for hay is an essential piece of agricultural machinery designed to compact, cut, and bundle hay into manageable, rectangular (or square) bales. Understanding the structural components of a square baler can help in its operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting. Here are the key components:

Frame: The frame forms the backbone of the baler and provides support for other components. It is typically made of heavy-duty steel to withstand the stresses and strains during operation.

PTO (Power Take-Off) Driveline: The PTO driveline connects the baler to a tractor's power source. It transfers power from the tractor's engine to drive the various mechanisms of the baler.

Pickup: The pickup is located at the front of the baler and is responsible for gathering the hay or straw from the ground. It consists of a series of closely spaced tines or teeth that rotate to lift the crop material and feed it into the baler.

Feeding System: The feeding system pulls the crop material from the pickup and guides it into the baling chamber. It typically includes augers or belts that move the material rearward.

Baling Chamber: The baling chamber is where the hay or straw is compressed and formed into rectangular bales. It consists of a series of reciprocating plunger bars that move back and forth to compress the material against a set of stationary guides or stuffer forks.

Knotter or Twine-tying Mechanism: Once the bale is formed, the knotter or twine-tying mechanism secures the bale with twine. It typically consists of a series of rotating disks that create loops of twine around the bale, which are then tied off to secure the bale's shape.

Bale Ejection System: After the bale is tied, it needs to be ejected from the baling chamber. The bale ejection system consists of a ramp or chute that guides the bale out of the baler and onto the ground.

Wheels and Axles: Square balers are usually equipped with wheels and axles to facilitate their movement across the field. These components allow the baler to be towed by a tractor and provide stability during operation.

Safety Features: Modern square balers are equipped with various safety features, including shields, guards, and emergency stop mechanisms. These components help protect the operator from potential hazards and ensure safe operation.

Hay Square Baler Structural Components
Hay Square Baler Structural Components

How Does the Tractor PTO Driven Square Baler Work?

A tractor PTO (Power Take-Off) driven square baler is a machine that uses the power generated by the tractor's engine to operate its various mechanisms. Here's a step-by-step explanation of how a tractor PTO driven square baler works:

1. Connection to the Tractor: The square baler is attached to the tractor using a three-point hitch or drawbar. The PTO shaft from the tractor is connected to the baler's PTO driveline.

2. Power Transfer: When the tractor's engine is running, power is transferred through the PTO shaft to the baler's driveline. The PTO driveline consists of a series of gears, chains, or belts that transmit power to different components of the baler.

3. Crop Pickup: The baler is positioned behind the tractor, and the crop pickup is lowered to the ground. The pickup consists of rotating tines or teeth that sweep the crop material into the baler.

4. Feeding System: As the pickup rotates, it lifts the crop material and delivers it to the feeding system. The feeding system, which can include augers or belts, moves the material rearward and guides it into the baling chamber.

5. Baling Chamber: The feeding system pushes the crop material into the baling chamber, where it undergoes compression and baling. The baling chamber has reciprocating plunger bars that move back and forth, compressing the material against a set of stationary guides or stuffer forks.

6. Knotter or Twine-tying Mechanism: Once the bale is formed and reaches the desired size, it moves past the knotter or twine-tying mechanism. This mechanism consists of rotating disks that create loops of twine around the bale. The twine is then tied off to secure the bale's shape.

7. Bale Ejection: After the bale is tied, it continues to move through the baling chamber until it reaches the rear of the baler. At this point, the bale is ejected from the baling chamber and guided out of the baler using a ramp or chute. The bale is deposited on the ground as the baler continues its operation.

Tractor PTO Driven Square Baler Working Principle

Common Applications of Tractor PTO Driven Square Baler

Tractor PTO driven square balers are versatile machines used in various agricultural applications. Here are the common applications of tractor PTO driven square balers for specific crops:

(1) Hay Baling: Tractor PTO driven square balers are widely used for baling different types of hay, including timothy, Bermuda grass, alfalfa, clover, and more. Baling hay allows for efficient storage, transportation, and use as livestock feed.

(2) Wheat Straw Baling: After harvesting wheat, the straw left behind can be baled using a square baler. Baled wheat straw is used for livestock bedding, mushroom cultivation, erosion control, and other applications.

(3) Rice Straw Baling: Tractor PTO driven square balers can also be utilized to bale rice straw. Baled rice straw has applications in livestock bedding, composting, mulching, and as a raw material for various industries.

(4) Corn Stalk Baling: Square balers equipped with appropriate attachments can efficiently bale corn stalks after harvest. Baled corn stalks can be used for livestock feed, bedding, biomass fuel, or as a source of cellulose for industrial processes.

(5) Soybean Stalk Baling: Similar to corn stalks, soybean stalks can be baled using a tractor PTO driven square baler. Baled soybean stalks are used for livestock bedding, mulching, biomass fuel, or as a source of cellulose.

(6) Alfalfa Baling: Alfalfa is a popular forage crop, and tractor PTO driven square balers are commonly used to bale alfalfa into compact and stackable bales. These bales are used as high-quality feed for horses, cattle, and other livestock.

Hay Square Baler Applications

Common Troubleshooting of Tractor PTO Driven Square Baler

Troubleshooting common issues with a tractor PTO (Power Take-Off) driven square baler is essential for maintaining operational efficiency and minimizing downtime during the critical baling seasons. Here's a guide to identifying and addressing some of the frequent problems encountered with these machines:

1. Baler Not Starting or Operating

  • Possible Causes: PTO not engaged properly, insufficient hydraulic pressure, electrical issues, or mechanical blockages.
  • Solutions: Ensure the PTO is correctly connected and engaged. Check the hydraulic system for proper pressure and refill or repair as necessary. Inspect electrical connections and fuses for faults. Remove any blockages in the pickup or baling chamber.

2. Irregular Bale Shape or Size

  • Possible Causes: Inconsistent feeding, tensioning issues, or incorrect baler settings.
  • Solutions: Adjust the pickup height and speed to ensure even crop intake. Check and adjust the tension settings according to the crop conditions and desired bale density. Review and correct baler settings for bale length and compression.

3. Baler Knots Not Tying

  • Possible Causes: Twine tension too low or high, worn or incorrectly adjusted knotter, or twine issues.
  • Solutions: Adjust the twine tension. Clean, lubricate, and adjust the knotter mechanism, replacing worn parts as needed. Ensure using the correct type and quality of twine recommended by the manufacturer.

4. Excessive Twine Breakage

  • Possible Causes: Sharp edges around the knotter or guides, poor-quality twine, or incorrect twine tension.
  • Solutions: Inspect and smooth out any sharp edges where the twine runs. Use high-quality twine suitable for your baler. Adjust the twine tension to appropriate levels.

5. Bales Ejecting Prematurely or Not Ejecting

  • Possible Causes: Malfunctioning bale ejector, incorrect timing settings, or hydraulic issues.
  • Solutions: Inspect and repair or adjust the bale ejector mechanism. Check and correct the timing settings for the ejector. Ensure the hydraulic system is functioning correctly.

6. High Frequency of Bale Misses

  • Possible Causes: Pickup not gathering the crop efficiently, feeder mechanism issues, or plunger timing off.
  • Solutions: Adjust the pickup height and tine settings for optimal crop gathering. Inspect the feeder mechanism for blockages or damage and repair as necessary. Check and adjust the plunger timing according to the manufacturer's specifications.

7. Excessive Vibration

  • Possible Causes: Loose components, damaged PTO shaft, imbalance in the flywheel or plunger, or misalignment.
  • Solutions: Tighten all loose bolts and components. Inspect the PTO shaft for damage and ensure it is correctly aligned. Check the flywheel and plunger for balance and adjust or repair as needed.

8. Overheating

  • Possible Causes: Overloading the baler, insufficient lubrication, or mechanical friction.
  • Solutions: Ensure not to exceed the baler's capacity. Check and refill lubricants to recommended levels. Inspect moving parts for wear and friction, and repair or replace as necessary.
Hay Square Baler
Hay Square Baler
Hay Square Baler

Agricultural PTO Shaft for Hay Square Baler

The agricultural PTO (Power Take-Off) shaft is an essential component for connecting a hay square baler to a tractor's power source. It allows for the transfer of power from the tractor's engine to the baler's driveline, enabling the operation of various mechanisms within the baler. Here are some key points regarding the agricultural PTO shaft for a hay square baler:

1. Shaft Type: The PTO shaft used for a hay square baler is typically a splined shaft. It consists of a male end and a female end with splines (grooves) that interlock to transmit rotational power.

2. Shaft Length: The length of the PTO shaft may vary depending on the specific design of the tractor and the baler. It is essential to select a shaft length that allows for proper alignment and sufficient clearance between the tractor and the baler.

3. Safety Features: Agricultural PTO shafts are equipped with safety features to prevent accidents and protect operators. These safety features often include a PTO shield or guard that covers the rotating shaft to prevent entanglement and a safety chain or guard to secure the shaft in place.

4. PTO Shaft Locking Mechanism: To connect the PTO shaft to the tractor and the baler, a locking mechanism is used. The most common type is a spring-loaded locking pin or collar that engages with corresponding locking points on the tractor and baler.

5. Maintenance: Proper maintenance of the PTO shaft is crucial for its safe and efficient operation. Regular inspection, lubrication, and ensuring the integrity of safety features are important to prevent accidents and extend the lifespan of the shaft.

6. Compatibility: When selecting an agricultural PTO shaft for a hay square baler, it is important to ensure compatibility between the tractor and the baler. This includes considerations such as the PTO speed (typically 540 or 1000 RPM) and the required torque rating for the baler's power requirements.

Hay Square Baler
Hay Square Baler

Why Choose Us?

HZPT Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd. is a world-renowned manufacturer of high-quality square balers. Our company boasts more than 100 dedicated employees, including 20 technical staff and five senior R&D personnel. We are equipped with advanced casting, forging, machining, heat treatment, and lacquering production lines, and utilize a CAD computer-aided design system for precision and accuracy.

Our extensive product range includes farming machinery, planting machinery, harvesting machinery and its accessories, and matching machines which are set up by the main tractor manufacturers in China. We are proud to say that our products are sold all over the country and are exported to many countries and regions in Europe, America, Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia all year round.

Professionalism

At HZPT, we take professionalism seriously. Our team of experts is highly trained and experienced, ensuring that you receive the best advice and service. We are committed to providing top-notch square baler that adheres to international standards.

International Certifications

We are proud to hold numerous international certifications, including CE. This certification validates that our products meet the health, safety, and environmental protection standards for square baler products sold within the European Economic Area (EEA).

Customized Services

We understand that each farm is unique, and so are the needs of our customers. That is why we offer customized square baler services to meet your specific requirements. Whether it is the color, size, or type of machinery, we can tailor our square baler products to meet your needs.

Production Facilities

Our state-of-the-art production facilities enable us to produce high-quality products. We have advanced casting, forging, machining, heat treatment, and lacquering production lines that allow us to handle large orders and deliver products on time.

After-Sales Services

At HZPT, we value our customers and believe in building long-term relationships. That is why we offer excellent after-sales services, including video technical support and online support post-warranty. We are always here to help you with any issues you may encounter with our products.

Hay Square Baler Manufacturers

Othe Types of Agricultural Equipment

Our main products are PTO shafts, agricultural gearboxes, large round baler, mini round baler, PTO wood chipper, diesel wood chipper, corn seeder, drum mowers, rotary hay rakes, flail mowers, lawn mowers, sickle bar mowers, rotary mowers, rotary tillers, land levelers, fertilizer spreaders, furrow ploughs, disc harrows, disc blades, disc ridgers, , potato planters, potato harvester, wheat seeder, vegetable seeder, post hole diggers, boom sprayers, agricultural subsoiler, agricultural trailers, disc mower, finger wheel rake, log splitter, front end loader, backhoe, snow blower, road sweeper, etc. The above series of products are complete in specifications, excellent in performance, and reliable in quality.

Our products are sold all over the country and are exported to many countries and regions in Europe, America, Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia all year round. We offer a range of professional, international certifications, customized services, state-of-the-art production facilities, and dependable after-sales services.

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Edited by Yjx

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