Professional Hay Rake Manufacturer

HZPT Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd. has been engaged in the research and development of agricultural machinery. We have accumulated more than ten years of experience in production, and mainly produce farming machinery, planting machinery, harvesting machinery and its accessories, and matching machines. Our main products are PTO shafts, agricultural gearboxes, large round baler, mini round baler, hay square baler, PTO wood chipper, diesel wood chipper, drum mowers, rotary hay rakes, , flail mowers, lawn mowers, sickle bar mowers, rotary mowers, rotary tillers, land levelers, fertilizer spreaders, furrow ploughs, disc harrows, disc blades, disc ridgers, disc ploughs, potato planters, potato harvester, corn seeder, wheat seeder, vegetable seeder, post hole diggers, , agricultural subsoiler, agricultural trailers, chain trencher, disc mower, finger wheel rake, log splitter, front end loader, backhoe, snow blower, road sweeper, etc. The above series of products are complete in specifications, excellent in performance, and reliable in quality. Our products are sold all over the country and are exported to many countries and regions in Europe, America, Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia all year round.
Hay Rake Manufacturers

What is a Hay Rake?

Hay rakes are farm implements designed to assist in the process of harvesting hay. They are used to gather, fluff, and arrange hay into windrows or rows for drying, baling, or further processing. Hay rakes help farmers optimize the drying process by exposing the hay to air and sunlight, facilitating the removal of excess moisture.

There are different types of hay rakes available, each with its own mechanism and purpose. Here are a few common types:

(1) Wheel Rakes: These rakes consist of a series of wheels with tines or teeth mounted on them. As the wheels rotate, the tines come into contact with the hay, lifting and turning it. Wheel rakes are often adjustable, allowing farmers to control the width and density of the windrows.

(2) Rotary Rakes: Rotary rakes use spinning wheels or rotors with curved tines to lift and sweep the hay. The tines rotate in a circular motion, collecting the hay and forming windrows. Rotary rakes are known for their efficiency and ability to handle a large volume of hay quickly.

(3) Parallel-Bar Rakes: Parallel-bar rakes feature a series of parallel bars with tines attached to them. As the rake is pulled through the field, the tines comb through the hay, lifting it and creating windrows. These rakes are often adjustable to accommodate different hay densities.

(4) Finger Wheel Rakes: Finger wheel rakes have long, flexible tines or fingers that rotate on a wheel. The fingers gather the hay and transfer it onto the ground, forming windrows. Finger wheel rakes are particularly useful for delicate or light hay, as the flexible tines minimize damage to the crop.

The choice of hay rake depends on factors such as the size of the operation, the type of hay being harvested, and the desired end product. Modern hay rakes are often attached to tractors, allowing for efficient and precise operation.

Watch Hay Rakes Videos:

Main Types of the Hay Rake

Hay rakes are agricultural implements used for gathering and raking hay into windrows or rows for easier baling or collection. There are several types of hay rakes available, but two main types are commonly used: finger wheel hay rakes and rotary hay rakes.

Finger Wheel Hay Rake

  • Design and Operation: The Finger Wheel Hay Rake, also known as the wheel rake or star wheel rake, consists of several wheel-like raking components mounted on a bar. These wheels have flexible tines (or fingers) that spin as the rake is pulled over the hay field. The spinning action gently flips and aerates the hay, gathering it into manageable rows without much soil disturbance or crop damage.
  • Advantages: This type of rake is known for its simplicity and effectiveness in handling light to moderate amounts of hay. It's particularly good for small to medium-sized operations and is less likely to cause damage to the hay crop. It's also relatively inexpensive and easy to maintain.
  • Limitations: The Finger Wheel Hay Rake may not perform as well in very heavy or wet crop conditions. It's also less suitable for very uneven terrain, as the wheels need to maintain contact with the ground to be effective.

Rotary Hay Rake

  • Design and Operation: The Rotary Hay Rake uses a set of rotating arms or tines that move in a circular pattern to gather the hay. These rakes can be either powered by the tractor's PTO (Power Take-Off) or ground-driven. The rotary action collects and rolls the hay into neat rows, ready for baling or further processing.
  • Advantages: Rotary rakes are highly efficient and can handle a wider range of conditions, including heavier and wetter crops, better than wheel rakes. They are known for their ability to produce cleaner hay, as they can lift the hay off the ground more effectively, reducing the inclusion of dirt and debris.
  • Limitations: These rakes tend to be more expensive than wheel rakes, both in initial cost and maintenance. They can also be more aggressive in their action, potentially leading to more crop damage if not properly adjusted.
Hay Rake Hay Rake
Finger Wheel Hay Rake Rotary Hay Rake

Benefits of Using the Hay Rake for Collect Grass and Spread Hay

Hay rakes are valuable tools used in the process of haymaking, which involves cutting, drying, and gathering hay for livestock feed or other uses. Here are some benefits of using agricultural hay rakes:

1. Efficient hay gathering: Hay rakes help farmers gather cut hay efficiently from the field. They are designed to lift and turn the hay, allowing it to dry more evenly and quickly. By raking the hay into windrows, it becomes easier to gather and transport.

2. Improved hay drying: Proper drying is crucial for high-quality hay. Hay rakes help by exposing the cut hay to sunlight and airflow, which accelerates the drying process. By turning the hay, the rake helps evenly distribute moisture, reducing the risk of mold or spoilage.

3. Time and labor savings: Using a hay rake can significantly reduce the time and labor required for haymaking. Rather than manually turning and rearranging the hay, the rake automates the process, allowing farmers to cover larger areas and complete the task more quickly. This efficiency can be especially beneficial during peak harvest seasons.

4. Enhanced hay quality: Hay rakes contribute to improved hay quality by minimizing moisture content and preventing spoilage. By evenly spreading the hay for drying, the rake helps preserve the nutritional value of the forage and reduces the risk of mold or decay. High-quality hay results in better feed for livestock, leading to healthier animals.

5. Reduced reliance on weather conditions: Hay rakes enable farmers to take advantage of favorable weather conditions for haymaking. By quickly turning and drying the hay, farmers can respond to changing weather patterns and minimize the risk of rain or excessive moisture damaging the hay. This flexibility increases the chances of obtaining good-quality hay even in unpredictable climates.

6. Versatility: Agricultural hay rakes come in various types and sizes, providing versatility to suit different farm sizes and haymaking needs. From small-scale operations to large commercial farms, there are rakes available to meet specific requirements. Additionally, some rakes offer adjustable settings, allowing farmers to customize the width and density of the windrows.

Using Agricultural Hay Rakes Benefits

How Does the Tractor PTO Driven Rotary Hay Rake Work?

The tractor PTO (Power Take-Off) driven Rotary Hay Rake is a piece of agricultural machinery that efficiently collects cut hay or straw into rows for baling or further processing. Its operation harnesses the power of a tractor to perform the task of raking with greater efficiency and less manual labor than traditional methods. Here's how it works:

Power Source

  • PTO Mechanism: The Power Take-Off (PTO) is a standardized system that allows implements to draw energy from a tractor's engine. The rotary hay rake is attached to the tractor's , which transfers mechanical power from the tractor's engine to the rake.
  • Drive System: Once connected, the movement of the tractor's PTO shaft drives the rake's mechanical systems, activating its moving parts without requiring an independent engine or power source.

Raking Mechanism

  • Rotary Action: The core of the PTO-driven rotary rake consists of one or more arms equipped with tines (thin, flexible metal or plastic prongs). These arms rotate around a central axis, driven by the power transmitted from the tractor's PTO.
  • Tine Movement: As the arms rotate, the tines sweep through the cut hay or straw lying on the field. This action gently lifts and aerates the crop, moving it towards the center of the rake's path.
  • Row Formation: The rotary motion and the strategic arrangement of the tines ensure that the hay is collected and rolled into neat, uniform rows along the field. These rows are then easier to collect with a baler or other harvesting equipment.

Adjustments and Settings

  • Ground Speed and PTO Speed: The efficiency of the rake depends on the tractor's ground speed and the PTO speed. These need to be adjusted according to the crop conditions to optimize the raking quality and minimize crop damage.
  • Tine Height Adjustment: Most rotary rakes allow for the adjustment of tine height to ensure they gently lift the hay without disturbing the soil. This is crucial for minimizing debris in the hay and for adapting to different crop thicknesses and conditions.
Hay Rake
Hay Rake

How to Install the Finger Wheel Hay Rake to Tractor?

Installing a Finger Wheel Hay Rake to a tractor involves several steps to ensure it's properly connected and ready for efficient operation. The process can vary slightly depending on the specific model of the rake and tractor, but here's a general guide to get you started:

      Agricultural Hay Rakes
      Agricultural Hay Rakes

      Step 1: Preparation

      • Read the Manual: Before starting, it's crucial to read the operator's manual for both the tractor and the hay rake. This documentation will provide specific instructions related to your equipment.
      • Inspect Equipment: Check both the tractor and the rake for any damage or wear. Ensure all parts are present and in good working order.
      • Safety Checks: Make sure the tractor is turned off, the keys are removed, and the parking brake is engaged. Wear appropriate safety gear, such as gloves and protective footwear.

      Step 2: Positioning the Rake

      • Align the Rake: Move the tractor near the hay rake. Position the tractor so that its hitch aligns with the rake's hitching mechanism. This might require adjusting the tractor's position several times to get it right.
      • Lift the Rake: Depending on the rake's design and weight, you may need additional equipment or assistance to align and attach the rake to the tractor.

      Step 3: Attaching to the Tractor

      • Attach the Hitch: Connect the rake's hitch to the tractor's drawbar or three-point hitch. Secure it using pins or bolts as required. Make sure the connection is tight and secure to prevent accidental detachment.
      • PTO Shaft Connection: If your rake requires a PTO connection, carefully align and attach the rake's PTO shaft to the tractor's PTO stub. Ensure the locking pins are engaged and the connection is secure. The shaft often has a telescopic design to accommodate movement.
      • Hydraulic Connections: If your rake has hydraulic functions for raising or lowering the wheels, connect the hydraulic hoses to the tractor's hydraulic outputs. Make sure the connections are clean and tight.

      Step 4: Safety and Operational Checks

      • Check the Connections: Double-check all connections (hitch, PTO shaft, and hydraulics) to ensure they're secure.
      • Test in a Safe Area: Start the tractor and test the rake's operation in a safe, open area. Raise and lower the rake, and spin the wheels using the PTO (if applicable) to ensure everything operates smoothly.
      • Adjust as Necessary: Make any necessary adjustments to the rake's height or to the tractor settings based on the test run and the conditions of the field you'll be working in.

      Step 5: Operation

      • Operate According to Conditions: Adjust your driving speed and the rake settings according to the field conditions and the amount of hay to be raked.
      • Monitor Performance: Regularly check the rake during operation for any issues or adjustments needed.

      General Tips

      • Always follow the specific instructions provided by the equipment manuals.
      • Ensure all safety devices are in place and operational before use.
      • Regular maintenance is crucial for the longevity and proper functioning of the hay rake.
      How to Install the Agricultural Hay Rake to Tractor
      How to Install the Agricultural Hay Rake to Tractor

      Common Troubleshooting of the Finger Wheel Hay Rake

      Troubleshooting common issues with a Finger Wheel Hay Rake involves identifying and resolving problems that can affect its performance and efficiency. Here's a guide to some typical problems and their potential solutions:

      1. Tines Not Picking Up Hay Properly

      • Cause: Worn or broken tines, incorrect tine height, or improper ground speed.
      • Solution: Replace any broken or worn tines. Adjust the height of the rake wheels to ensure tines are contacting the hay without digging into the soil. Modify the tractor's ground speed to suit the current field conditions and hay volume.

      2. Rake Leaving Hay Behind

      • Cause: Moving too fast, incorrect wheel angle, or tine height not properly adjusted.
      • Solution: Slow down the tractor to allow the rake to collect all the hay. Adjust the angle of the rake wheels to ensure optimal contact with the hay. Fine-tune the tine height for efficient pickup.

      3. Rake Creating Uneven Windrows

      • Cause: Uneven ground, improperly adjusted rake, or inconsistent hay distribution.
      • Solution: Check and adjust the rake's settings to ensure it's leveled and balanced. If possible, address any significant unevenness in the field. Adjust your pattern of operation to distribute hay more evenly before raking.

      4. Excessive Wear or Breakage of Tines

      • Cause: High ground speed, incorrect tine height, hitting foreign objects, or tines made of poor-quality materials.
      • Solution: Reduce tractor speed to minimize stress on tines. Adjust tine height to avoid excessive contact with the ground or obstacles. Regularly inspect the field for and remove foreign objects. Consider upgrading to higher-quality tines if breakage is frequent.

      5. Difficulty in Adjusting Rake Height

      • Cause: Seized adjustment mechanisms, lack of maintenance, or damage.
      • Solution: Lubricate all moving parts regularly. If parts are seized or damaged, they may need to be freed with penetrating oil or replaced.

      6. Rake Is Hard to Pull or Operates Heavily

      • Cause: Incorrectly adjusted or seized wheels, improper attachment to the tractor, or excessive load.
      • Solution: Ensure all wheels are freely turning and properly lubricated. Check that the rake is correctly attached to the tractor and aligned. Adjust ground speed or rake settings to manage the load more effectively.
          Agricultural Hay Rakes Applications

          Agricultural PTO Shaft for Rotary Hay Rake

          Choosing the right agricultural PTO shaft for your rotary hay rake is crucial for ensuring efficient operation, safety, and longevity of your machinery. The PTO shaft transfers power from the tractor to the attached implement—in this case, a rotary hay rake. Here are some key factors to consider when selecting a PTO shaft:

              (1) Compatibility with Tractor and Implement: Tractor Output: Check the tractor's PTO output specifications, including size (commonly 540 RPM or 1000 RPM), type, and horsepower rating. Ensure the PTO shaft you select is compatible with these specs. Implement Requirements: Verify the power requirements of your rotary hay rake. The PTO shaft must be capable of transmitting the necessary power without exceeding its limits.

              (2) Length of the Shaft: Correct Length: The length of the PTO shaft is critical for safety and functionality. A shaft that is too long can be just as dangerous as one that is too short, as it may not allow for proper movement or could disengage when the tractor and implement articulate relative to each other. Adjustment: Many PTO shafts are telescopic, allowing for some length adjustment. Ensure the shaft can be adjusted to match the distance between your tractor's PTO and the implement's input shaft when attached.

              (3) Quality and Durability: Choose a PTO shaft that is made of high-quality materials and is designed to withstand the demands of hay raking. Look for shafts with robust construction and components that can handle the torque and stress generated during operation.

              (4) Shaft Diameter and Strength: Diameter and Construction: The diameter and the material construction of the shaft affect its strength and durability. Choose a shaft that provides the necessary strength to handle the torque and power requirements of your rake without being excessively heavy. Torque Requirements: Ensure the shaft's maximum torque rating exceeds the maximum torque your implement will require.

              (5) Safety Features: Shear Bolt or Slip Clutch: Look for a PTO shaft with a shear bolt or a slip clutch. These safety features help protect the tractor, the PTO shaft, and the implement from damage caused by overloads or blockages by either breaking a sacrificial bolt or slipping to absorb excess torque. Shielding: A fully shielded PTO shaft is essential for operator safety. The shield protects against entanglement, dirt, and debris. Ensure the shield is durable and easy to maintain.

              (6) Connection Type: Quick Coupling: Modern PTO shafts often feature quick-coupling mechanisms that make attachment and detachment easier and faster. Ensure the coupler is compatible with your tractor's PTO stub and is easy to engage and disengage.

              Hay Rake
              Hay Rake

              Othe Types of Agricultural Equipments

              3 products lines: haying machines—disc mower, rotary hay rake, finger wheel rake, large round baler, mini round baler, bale wrapper; woodworking machines–PTO wood chipper, diesel wood chipper, log splitter; 3PT attachments for tractor—front end loader, backhoe, snow blower, road sweeper and etc.
              Disc Drum Mower
              PTO Wood Chipper
              Large Round Baler
              Hay Square Baler
              Silage Harvester
              Tractor Mounted 3 Point Hitch Road Sweeper
              Flail Mower
              Agricultural Corn Seeder
              Agricultural Fertilizer Spreaders

              Edited by Yjx